Coues Deer Hunting Guide: How to Hunt Arizona & New Mexico

Man wearing a shed hunting hat holding a recently killed coues deer buck
Coues Deer Hunting Guide: How to Hunt Arizona & New Mexico

You should know this up-front — Coues deer are definitely not for the faint of heart. They’re tiny in size but pose huge challenges for any hunter.

I’ve spent many years chasing these elusive ‘Grey Ghosts’ through Arizona’s stark and scrubby desert brush. Coues deer are tough and skittish, with an uncanny ability to disappear in seconds. Be prepared to glass them on the horizon and spend hours hiking to get in range. When you line up your shot, be sure to cross your fingers and hope they don’t once more melt into invisibility.

You’ll find sizable Coues populations in Arizona, New Mexico, and northern Mexico, each offering a unique hunting experience. If you’re having a good day, you may just take a big Coues buck of perhaps 120 pounds with an impressive set of antlers. Tiny, yes, but the long hours of tracking will be worth it.

I’ve compiled a comprehensive hunting guide below to help you plan and conduct a successful hunt. It includes tips for DIY hunters and a list of recommended outfitters. I hope my years of experience chasing ghosts will help you out there in the brush. Happy hunting!

Where to Hunt Coues Deer

These tiny whitetails are named after Elliott Coues (pronounced “cows”), a 19th-century Army engineer who surveyed a vast region from the rough and rugged mountains of Arizona to the cactus flats of northern Mexico. They were numerous back then, but now are found only in a few small pockets in these areas:

Arizona

Arizona is home to large populations of Coues deer, making it the most popular destination for hunters. Thanks to its rugged and diverse landscape, Arizona yields some of the biggest bucks taken every year, with excellent genetics found in most hunting units. Tags and hunting seasons are very liberal in the southern portion of the state, making it a top choice for hunters craving a do-it-yourself adventure.

New Mexico

New Mexico is the only other home for Coues deer in the US, and its populations are smaller than Arizona’s. Tags are much harder to acquire in New Mexico due to the smaller populations, but I’ve seen some giant Coues bucks there while hunting elk and mule deer.

Northern Mexico

Mexico offers the best chance of taking a big Coues buck, but it will cost more. The benefits of hunting in Mexico are the higher populations and unpressured hunting available on private ranches. But you must go through an outfitter, regardless of whether you hunt fully outfitted or DIY.

Coues Deer Hunting Seasons for 2023/2024

Young buck turning and looking at the camera in an Arizona desert
Which state will you apply for tags?

Coues deer hunting seasons vary by area but try to hunt near rut when the weather’s better and the deer are more active. Coues typically rut in January, with some rutting behavior in December or February. Here’s a quick breakdown of the upcoming seasons:

Arizona

  • Bow: August 25-September 14, December 8-January 31
  • Rifle: October 20-26, November 3-9, November 24-December 7, December 8-31

New Mexico

  • Bow: September 1-24, January 16-31, (2024)
  • Rifle: November 18-22, December 2-10

Northern Mexico

  • Bow: November 2023 to February 2024 (dates vary by ranch and location)
  • Rifle: November 2023 to February 2024 (dates vary by ranch and location)

How to Get Tags

After deciding where to hunt, you’ll need a tag. Some tags can be bought, while others must be drawn through a lottery. Depending on the location, the process will also look slightly different, but you need a deer tag to hunt wherever you go.

Arizona

Arizona has archery tags available over the counter (OTC), while all rifle tags must be drawn by lottery. The draw system is points-based, and applicants that apply but aren’t drawn will accumulate bonus points for the future. To apply or buy tags, visit the Department of Game and Fish’s website at https://www.azgfd.com/.

New Mexico

New Mexico and Arizona are similar. Landowner tags can be purchased but are pricey. All other rifle and archery tags must be acquired by lottery draws. New Mexico does not offer bonus points, so everyone has equal odds of drawing tags. You can apply at https://www.wildlife.state.nm.us/.

Northern Mexico

Mexico distributes tags through a federal agency, and the process is complicated. The best way to hunt in Mexico is to have an outfitter acquire your tags based on their private ranches. Many outfitters offer lower-priced DIY options to obtain a tag and basic accommodations on a private ranch.

Tips For Hunting Coues Deer

Coues deer are tricky creatures; heed our advice for a successful harvest

Hunting Coues deer is challenging and often frustrating. Top hunters have called them the toughest big game animal in North America for decades. So to help you hit the ground running, here are my top tips for hunting the elusive grey ghost.

Bring High-Magnification Binos

Optics are absolutely essential for hunting Coues deer. Serious hunters know to pack a tripod and a pair of high-magnification binoculars to spot these wary animals. Their coat color blends perfectly with the environment, so you’ll need at least 10x binoculars; I prefer 12x, 15x, or 18x. Be sure to use a tripod to stabilize your optics.

Practice Long Range Shots

Whether hunting with a rifle or a bow, you need to practice outside your comfort zone. Average shot distances range from 300-600 yards with a rifle or 40-70 yards with archery gear. Practice until you can regularly hit your mark, and you’ll have a decent chance of filling your Coues tag.

Scuff Up Your Boots

The biggest mistake new Coues deer hunters make is not staying mobile. Plan on wearing holes in your hunting boots with a lot of hiking. By staying mobile, you’ll be able to get closer and minimize the hunting pressure that spooks these little deer.

Patience. Patience. Patience. 

My biggest tip for hunting Coues deer is to be patient. These animals are hard to find, hard to stalk, and hard to kill. Don’t give up if you don’t see them right away. With some time and practice, you’ll get better at spotting them with your binoculars and closing in without being detected. With patience, you may soon be face-to-face with a Grey Ghost of your own.

The Best Outfitters for Coues Deer Hunting

Need just a bit more help? Using an outfitter can be a great way to go. Some of these folks live are natural-born Coues trackers and can help you achieve the hunt of a lifetime. Here are a few of my favorite outfitters that I know and recommend.

AZ Ground Pounder Outfitters

These are your guys. The Ground Pounder crew consistently takes the state’s biggest bucks every year. They focus on a few units and know them better than anyone else, so clients get up close and personal with some of the biggest and best bucks.

Shadow Valley Outfitters

Shadow Valley Outfitters have been around since 2015, but its founders have decades of Coues hunting experience and deliver excellent results. Their customized hunting packages can be fine-tuned to your hunting style, meaning you’ll likely be back next year for more.

Colburn & Scott Outfitters

Head south of the border, and Colburn & Scott Outfitters will take good care of you. They offer both DIY and fully outfitted and guided Coues deer hunts. Scroll through their photos to discover why so many people rely on them and leave northern Mexico with some truly monster specimens.

Go Coues Deer Hunting & Rise to the Challenge

Deer looking towards the camera in New Mexico
You’ve got the info, now go glass up a buck of your own

I’m still learning about Coues deer, but I can tell you with certainty that these fascinating animals will challenge you like nothing has before. If your hunt ends up successful, chalk it up to the new tracking skills you’ve acquired in the mountains and deserts of the incomparable Southwest.

Even after a lifetime of tracking these elusive grey ghosts, my admiration for them grows yearly. Matching myself against their wily survival skills has made me a much better and more satisfied hunter.

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Last Updated on July 20, 2023

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